Comma

Cro::Uri

The Cro::Uri class supports working with Uniform Resource Identifiers, as specified in RFC 3986. A Cro::Uri instance is immutable.

Parsing methods§

There are a number of methods that parse a string into a Cro::Uri instance. They may all be called on the Cro::Uri type object.

parse§

Takes a string and attempts to parse it as an absolute URI.

Cro::Uri.parse("http://example.com");

By default this method uses an internal parser and action class that acts according to RFC 3986, however different parsers may be specified as a named parameter:

Cro::Uri.parse("http://example.com",
               grammar => $custom-grammar,
               actions => $custom-actions);

In case of parsing failure, the X::Cro::Uri::ParseError exception will be thrown. This exception has uri-string field that contains the erroneous string.

parse-relative§

Takes a string and tries to parse it as a relative URI. Functions like parse in terms of customization and error handling.

parse-ref§

Takes a string and parses it as a URI reference (that is, either an absolute or a relative URI). Functions like parse in terms of customization and error handling.

Getting URI parts§

schema§

Returns the schema of the URI. For example, given http://example.com/, it will return http. For a relative URI, this will return a type object.

authority§

Gets the authority part of the URI, if it has one. For example, given http://foo@bar.com:42/baz, it would return foo@bar.com:42. If not present, returns a type object.

userinfo§

Gets the userinfo part of the authority, if it has one. For example, given http://foo@bar.com:42/baz, it would return foo. If not present, returns a type object.

user§

Gets the user part of userinfo, if present. Decodes any percent escape sequences.

password§

Gets the password part of userinfo, if present. (Note that use of this is deprecated by the URI specification. The functionality is provided here for the convenience of those who need to work with such URIs, and will remain in Cro for the foreseeable future.) Decodes any percent escape sequences.

host§

Returns the host part of the authority, if it has one. For example, given http://foo@bar.com:42/baz, it would return bar. If not present, returns a type object. Any percent escape sequences in the host name will be decoded.

host-class§

Provided there is a host, returns its class. This is returned as a member of the Cro::Uri::Host enumeration, which is defined as:

enum Cro::Uri::Host <RegName IPv4 IPv6 IPvFuture>;

If not present, returns a type object.

port§

Returns the port part of the authority, if present. For example, given http://foo@bar.com:42/baz it would return 42.

path§

Returns the path part of the URI. URIs with an empty path part will return the empty string. No percent decoding is performed by this method. For example, given http://foo@bar.com:42/baz/oh%20wow, it would return /baz/oh%20wow.

path-segments§

Returns a list of URI decoded path segments. Sequences outside of the ASCII range will be decoded as UTF-8. Given http://foo@bar.com:42/baz/oh%20wow, this method would return the list ('baz', 'oh wow').

query§

Returns the query string part of the URI. For example, given http://bar.com:42/baz?x=1&y=2, it would return x=1&y=2. No perecent sequence decoding is performed. (For parsing of the query string as it is used in HTTP applications, use Cro::Uri::HTTP, which adds this functionality).

fragment§

Returns the fragment part of the URI. For example, giveni http://bar.com/baz#abc, it would return abc.

Stringifying a URI§

The Str method turns the URI back into a Str.

Resolving relative URIs§

The add method implements resolution of a relative URI, taking the Cro::Uri instance it is called on as the base. It may be called with either a string, which will be parsed as a URI reference, or another Cro::Uri object. Returns a new Cro::Uri instance representing the result of the resolution. Any . and .. sequences will be processed as part of the resolution.

my $base = Cro::Uri.parse('http://foo.com/bar/baz/wat.html');
say ~$base.add('../eek.html');  # http://foo.com/bar/eek.html

Percent decoding§

The decode-percents subroutine takes a string and returns a new string, where all percent escape sequences are converted to Unicode characters (assuming UTF-8 decoding).

This subroutine is not exported by default, but can be obtained by using the decode-percents tag:

use Cro::Uri :decode-percents;