Cro Template Parts


Web applications often have common elements that appear on every page (for example, showing the name of the currently logged in user, or showing a summary of shopping basket contents).

While the template code to render these can be extracted using template subs and macros, one would still need to have every call to the template sub provide the data they need to be rendered.

Template parts resolve this problem by providing an alternative way to provide the data needed for these common elements.

Basic usage§

In the route block, one can write a template part data provider, optionally taking the current user/session object. A template part can return a single object or a Capture:

template-part 'basket', -> MySession $user {
    given $user.basket {
        \( :items(.items), :value(.total-value) )

Meanwhile, in the template, one can write a part implementation that receives the data:

<:part basket(:$items, :$value)>
    <$items> items worth <$value> EUR

When this part is reached while rendering the template, the block that was registered with template-part under the name basket will be called in order to obtain the data.

The special MAIN part§

The part name MAIN can be used to provide access to the main data that the template was given to render. For example, instead of using the topic:

<p>Hello, <.name>. The weather today is <.weather>.</p>

One could instead do:

<:part MAIN($data)>
  <p>Hello, <$>. The weather today is <$>.</p>

Further, one can pass a capture to the template function:

template 'overview.crotmp', \($db.get-sales(), $db.get-traffic());

And bind the values into variables in the template:

<:part MAIN($sales, $traffic)>

Which will be easier to handle in more complex templates than having all data accessed using the topic.